Gingivitis affects many people regardless of age or gender. There are many ways to prevent and treat this dental problem. Seek professional advice from http://friendsandfamilydentalhealth.com/riverbend/ and follow the steps to a better and healthier you.

 

What is Gingivitis?

The term Gingivitis refers to the inflammation of gums which is predominantly caused by bacterial infection. If this is left untreated, it may possibly lead to gum and teeth separation. This may be prevented through maintaining a proper oral hygiene.

Gingivitis can progress to a more serious disease called periodontitis. Both gingivitis and periodontitis are major causes of tooth loss especially in adults. Many patients dismiss this disease until they realize it’s too late to reverse the effects.

 

Causes

Our gums are connected to our teeth and in between that is a space called sulcus. Food and other debris can get trapped in the sulcus. Thus developing into a thin film of bacteria called plaque. Once the plaque starts to harden, it will develop into a tartar and eventually lead to gum infection or gingivitis.

The infection and inflammation of the soft tissue and bones in the gum causes the tooth to detach itself from the gums. Once this happens, we start to lose our teeth and our confidence. Your Riverbend dentist will have to extract your teeth which you can avoid through proper oral care and hygiene.

 

Symptoms

There are some patients that are not aware that they already have gingivitis. It is uncommon to have no symptoms at all. This is why it is important to have regular visits to your Riverbend dentist. Early detection can save your teeth. Here are some signs that you may have gingivitis:

 

  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Gums that easily bleed when you brush or floss
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Pus in the sulcus
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Pain while chewing
  • Bad breath
  • Change in your bite when eating or Malocclusion
  • Dentures no longer fit properly

 

Diagnosis

Your dentist can check you for signs of gingivitis. Usually, a ruler is probed on your gums to check the pockets and inflammation. Your dentist may also take an x-ray to check for bone loss. Once are diagnosed with gingivitis, your dentist may refer you to a gum specialist also known as a periodontist.

 

Treatment

There are several ways to treat this gum disease depending on the extent of your condition. Proper care of your oral hygiene is definitely on top of your list. Other treatments include deep cleaning, antibiotic medications, lifestyle change, and in some cases, surgery.

Deep cleaning removes your plaque and tartar to avoid further gum irritation and swelling. Scaling eliminates the tartar lined above and below our gums. Root planing on the other hand, removes the parts of your tooth that are infected. Lasers eradicate tartar without experiencing much pain compared to scaling and root plating.

There are oral medications including anti-biotics to treat gum inflammation. Anti-biotic mouthwash can also help in disinfecting your gums. There are chips and microspheres that are inserted in your gums after scaling or root planing.

 

Prevention

Gingivitis may be avoided with consistent proper oral care. Brush your teeth and floss daily. Regular check-ups with your dentist and having a balanced diet will keep your gums and teeth healthy and strong.

 

 

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